Volume 22: Pages 47-72, 2009
A new interpretation to quantum theory
Kunwar Jagdish Narain 1
1Department of Physics, Govt. Bilasa Girls P.G. (Autonomous) College, Bilaspur (C.G.), India
In the present paper, in order to explain the phenomenon, transmittance T=finite for particles having energy E<V0, on the basis of particle nature of matter particles, a theory has been proposed searching out such a cause because of which this phenomenon actually takes place. The cause is that the spin motion in any body develops the tendency of linear motion in the direction of its spin angular momentum Ls. Consequently, every spinning body possesses direction of its linear motion. In order to verify its truth, solid evidence has been given from the well-established existing knowledge. The spin motion in the body develops spin momentum ps in the direction of its Ls, and when the body starts traveling along the direction of its Ls, the ps of the body together with its linear momentum plin conserve its motional momentum pm(=plin+ps). In order to verify its truth, solid evidence has been given from the well-established existing knowledge. When the body starts traveling along the direction of its Ls, the velocity v of the body varies with the frequency of its spin motion ω. An expression has been established describing how these vary. The truth of this expression has been verified for electrons. Applying it to the orbiting electrons, the expression for frequency of spectral lines (ν) of the hydrogen atom has been deduced, which agrees exactly with the expression obtained by Bohr’s theory. The present deduction is comparatively more sound and convincing The important point with the present concept (i.e., searched out cause) is that, it gives very clear picture of how (i.e., the way) the phenomenon T=finite actually behaves, which unfortunately we do not at all find with the concept of the wave nature of the matter particles. Further, the concept of wave nature gives rise to number of very serious such questions of which no explanation can be given, which implies that the concept of wave nature is not true. Pointing out and discussing some such serious questions, it has been tried to prove that the concept of their wave nature is not true. Applying the searched out cause, it has also been tried to explain how and why the spectral lines and their fine structures are obtained, how and why their frequency, intensity and thickness vary. The present explanation gives a very clear and complete picture of almost all the events of the phenomenon such that they can very easily be visualized by us in our imagination as to how they take place in actual practice. With existing theories, we do not find so. There has been deduced an expression for intensity of spectral lines, too, along with the deduction of an expression for their frequency. In the deduction of an expression for frequency of spectral lines applying Bohr’s theory, there have been pointed out three very serious flaws. In the last, it has been tried to explain and prove that the velocity of a photon (c) varies with its frequency of spin motion ν. An expression to explain how c of a photon varies as ν varies has also been deduced. The current concept that the photons are the discrete quanta of energy hν, which provide mass hν/c2 and momentum hν/c to them, is not true. The photon is the radiation energy carrier (like an electron which carries charge), and the radiation energy contained in the photon gives its mass according to the mass-energy equivalence relation of the theory of relativity. This mass is its rest mass, which has been determined. The existing concept that, after attaining relativistic velocity by the electron when its velocity v starts decreasing, its mass me starts increasing in order to maintain the conservation of its kinetic energy and linear momentum, is not true. The frequency of spin motion ω of an electron in fact starts increasing in order to maintain the conservation of its motional energy (i.e., kinetic energy+spin energy) and motional momentum (i.e., linear momentum+spin momentum), because it actually possesses the motional energy and motional momentum, not only kinetic energy and linear momentum.
Keywords: Spin Motion, Frequency of Spin Motion, Spin Angular Momentum, Spin Momentum, Spin Energy, Motional Momentum, Motional Energy, Fine Structure of Spectral Lines, Frequency and Intensity of Spectral Lines, Orbital Angular Momentum
Received: November 21, 2007; Accepted: January 2, 2009; Published Online: February 25, 2009