An International Journal Dedicated to Fundamental Questions in Physics
The Elite Journal since 1988
Volume 23: Pages 258-267, 2010
C. Y. Lo 1
1Applied and Pure Research Institute, 7 Taggart Drive, Unit E, Nashua, New Hampshire 03060, USA
An overdue critical analysis of Einstein’s general relativity is provided. For the dynamic case, the Einstein equation is invalid since it is impossible to have a physical solution. For the static case, Einstein’s covariance principle has been proven invalid. This error comes from Einstein’s theory of measurement which adapts the notion of distance in Riemannian geometry as if it were valid in physics. It is shown that such a theory was not used in Einstein’s predictions and its supporting arguments are actually based on invalid applications of special relativity. Nevertheless, Einstein’s equivalence principle plays a crucial role in rectifying the shortcomings of his theory of measurement. Moreover, the Maxwell–Newton approximation for massive sources is proven to be independently valid for the dynamic cases. Then, to explain the binary pulsar experiments, the Einstein equation needs to be modified with an additional source of the gravitational stress-energy tensor with a different coupling sign. After E=mc2 is shown to be only conditionally valid, the charge-mass interaction is discovered, and its existence is experimentally verified. Thus, the unification of gravitation and electromagnetism is necessary. This new force explains the characteristics of NASA’s Pioneer anomaly. Moreover, since a photon must include gravitational energy, particle physics cannot be fully understood without taking gravity into consideration.
Keywords: Einstein’s Principle of Equivalence, Einstein–Minkowski Condition, Covariance Principle, Local Time, Euclidean-Like Structure, Photons
Received: October 14, 2009; Accepted: February 18, 2010; Published Onlineived: April 6, 2010