Volume 7: Pages 468-475, 1994
Symmetrical Unification from Electromagnetostatics, Part II
Reginald Irvan Gray 1
14804 Woodview Lane, Long Bay Estates, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina 29575‐4514 U.S.A.
Unification of all the physical forces, the most important unresolved problem in physics today, arises from the 78‐year‐old mystery of the origin of the Sommerfeld fine‐structure constant, which has defied innumerable attempts to derive it from first principles. Most notable was the 1931 paper by Dirac in which he found, instead, the charge quantization relation between electric and magnetic monopoles. In Part I (PI) of our paper of this title, starting from an idea of J.J. Thomson (1895), we found it possible to derive, in a virtual energy coupling model, all the particle coupling constants, using nothing but nineteenth‐century electromagnetostatics, after the Kelvin theories of images and inversion. In PI the results, which were in good agreement with empirical data, were obtained by numerical summation. In this paper (PII) we derive an exact, closed‐form solution from a different approach.
Keywords: fine‐structure constant, running couplings, unified theories
Received: November 10, 1993; Published Online: December 15, 2008