Volume 22: Pages 432-434, 2009
Schwarzschild–de Sitter cosmology
Kenneth J. Epstein 1
16400 N. Sheridan No. 2604, Chicago, Illinois 60626, USA
It is shown how the outgoing radial motion of test particles in Schwarzschild–de Sitter spacetime resembles Hubble recession, so much that a cosmological paradigm is suggested in which the “big bang” was the emergence of such particles from a Schwarzschild event horizon (seen as a “white hole”), and “dark energy” is an illusion caused by gravitational attraction toward the de Sitter event horizon, a “great attractor” where a “big crunch” will occur when the galaxies converge there, because (as is shown) the crossing of an event horizon must be simultaneous by all objects approaching it, relative to the proper frame of any observer in the crossing. Relative to an observer who is not in the crossing, it never happens—this difference being the ultimate example of Einsteinian relativity.
Keywords: Schwarzschild–de Sitter Metric, Event Horizon, Big Bang, Big Crunch, White Hole, Virtual Black Hole, Great Attractor, Standard Cosmological Model
Received: June 16, 2009; Accepted: July 23, 2009; Published Online: September 22, 2009