E. Panarella

Senior Editor

M.H. Brill

Associate Editors

R.B. Mann
A.E. Olson
C. Roychoudhuri

Editorial Board

A.D. Allen, Algorithms, Inc.
P. Amendt, University of California
E. Arimondo, University of Pisa
E.I. Bitsakis, University of Athens
D. Censor, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
E.S. Hanff, National Research Council of Canada
M. Inokuti, Argonne National Laboratory
L. Kostro, University of Gdansk
T.E. Phipps, Jr., Urbana, Illinois
L. Qiu, Academia Sinica
R. Prakash Rau, Louisiana State University
P. Raychaudhuri, Calcutta University
M.O. Scully, University of New Mexico
I.P. Shkarofsky, MPB Technologies, Inc., Montreal
E. Sindoni, University of Milan
L. Sobrino, University of British Columbia
K.H. Spatchek, University of Dusseldorf
G. Vahala, College of William and Mary
L. Vahala, Old Dominion University



Physics Essays is an international journal dedicated to theoretical and experimental aspects of fundamental problems in physics and, generally, to the advancement of basic knowledge of physics.

The Journal will endeavour to reflect the environment in which best research is carried out, by providing a stimulating publication outlet for both the expression of ideas and the reporting of results within the rigor of the scientific discipline with which the Journal is concerned.

Articles submitted for publication will be reviewed by scientific peers. Realizing the interchangeable roles of authors and reviewers, the positive aspect of the reviewing process will be retained by providing the authors with the reviewers’ comments. Each author should judge which parts of the reviewers’ suggestions are appropriate to improve the quality of his or her paper. The editor, who is responsible for the Journal, will allow a large degree of freedom to the authors in this process.

Different points of view will be accepted as long as they are logically sound and well balanced in their exposition, until the process of truth searching naturally reaches a stage of a convincing argument in favor of one point of view or the other.

The editorial board members will assist the editor in the formulation of editorial policies. They are scholars from several disciplines of physics, from spectroscopy to quantum mechanics, from electromagnetic theory to astrophysics, from space physics to mathematical methods in physics, from plasma physics to philosophical aspects of physics, from chemical physics to relativity. Their scientific competence will be called upon to advise the editor on subjects within their field of knowledge.

Only full articles will be considered, without limitation on their length. Whenever necessary, long articles will be divided in suitable parts and published in consecutive issues of the Journal.

Invited papers, book reviews, and other articles of interest will also be occasionally published.

Published by Physics Essays Publication through Cenveo Publisher Services. Copyright © 2014 Physics Essays Publication.

Articles in this Journal are indexed and abstracted in Current Contents/Physical, Chemical, and Earth Sciences, ISI Alerting Service, Science Citation Index-Expanded (SCIE) including the Web of Science, as well as in SciVerse Scopus. The Journal is also included in the Research Alert Service, Chemical Abstract Service, and SCISEARCH online database. Page charges: $112 per printed page to offset the costs of publication.

Annual Subscription rates (four issues): Institutional (Print/Online) US$495.00; Individual (Print/Online) $220.00; Institution (Online Only) $412.00; Individual (Online Only) $137.00; Single Article Sales - $28 each; Single Issue $55, plus $28 for postage and handling. Canadian Customers: Please add: HST (10%) if resident of Saskatchewan; HST (12%) if resident of British Columbia; HST (13%) if resident of Ontario, New Brunswick, Manitoba, and Newfoundland and Labrador; HST (14%) if resident of Prince Edward Island; HST (14.975%) if resident of Québec; HST (15%) if resident of Nova Scotia; GST (5%) if resident of any other Province or Territory. Payment in U.S. dollars. Send subscription orders, claims and inquiries to: Physics Essays Publication, c/o Cambey & West, 120 N. Route 9W, Congers, NY 10920, USA. Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .