Volume 20: Pages 341-345, 2007
Cosmological Photons: Radiating Their Own Energies in a Nonexpanding Universe
Robert B. Driscoll 1
1Institute for Basic Research, P.O. Box 637, Oakland, California 94604 U.S.A.
If the photon has an electric dipole moment (EDM) rotating about its spin axis at photon frequency ν, it must radiate electromagnetic energy at a rate accounting simply for the observed “accelerated” Hubble redshift in a nonexpanding, noncontracting universe unbounded in 3 1 dimensions, subject to accelerations only by local aggregations of observable mass. The EDM along the spin axis is zero.
Keywords: cosmology, photon, electric dipole moment, Hubble redshift, cosmic acceleration
Received: April 4, 2004; Published Online: May 26, 2009